1accuse / charge
accuse 和charge都有“指责,控告”之意,有时可通用,但结构不一样。accuse不一定针对重大过失或罪行,其结构为accuse sb of sth。而charge一般用于重大过失或罪行,其结构为charge sb with sth,此结构还有“使某人负有……责任”之意。例如:
例1:My father accused me of my being too careless. (父亲责备我太粗心。)
例2:He accused me of neglecting my duty. (他指控我玩忽职守。)
例3:He charged me with neglecting my duty. (同上)
例4:Jimmy was charged with murder. (吉米被控谋杀。)
例5:He was charged with an important task. (他担负有一项重要任务。)
2add / add to / add up / add up to
add:增加,把……加上。add…to…:把……加到。例如:
例6:At the end of the party, we added another program.
例7:You needn’t add any water to the medicine.
add to:增添。指增添喜悦、悲伤、麻烦等。例如:
例8:His coming added to our trouble. (他的到来给我们添了麻烦。)
add up:加起来。例如:
例9:Have you added up all the numbers?
add up to:总计。表示加起来的结果,无被动结构。例如:
例10:All the numbers added up to 100.
3advise / suggest
advise:建议,劝说。例如:
例11:I advised (his) trying again.  (= suggest)
例12:I advised that we (should) try again.  (= suggest,虚拟语气。)
例13:I advised him to give up smoking.
例14:I advised him not to smoke.
例15:Could you advise us on how to learn English?
例16:Could you give us some advice on how to learn English?
suggest:建议,表明,暗示。例如:
例17:We suggest having a meeting at once. (= advise) 
例18:We suggest that a meeting (should) be held at once. (= advise,虚拟语气。)
例19:His pale face suggests that he is in poor health. (他那苍白的脸色表明他身体欠佳。) 
4agree with / agree to / agree on 
agree with:同意,赞成(后接“人”或what从句作宾语);适合,适应;一致。例如:
例20:I don’t quite agree with you.
例21:Nobody agreed with what he had said at the meeting.
例22:The weather here doesn’t agree with most of us. (这里的天气我们多数人不适应。)
例23:Your words do not agree with your actions. (你的言行不一。)
agree to:同意,赞成。指一方同意另一方的意见、建议、观点、想法等。例如:
例24:John can’t agree to Joe’s idea.
agree on:对……达成共识。指双方或多方对某事取得一致意见。例如:
例25:Finally John and Joe agreed on the plan.
5allow / permit / let / promise
allow:允许,许可。指听任或默许,也可用来表示客气的请求。例如:
例26:Who allowed you to leave the camp?
例27:Smoking is not allowed here.
例28:Please allow me to introduce myself to you.
permit:允许,许可。通常指正式的许可。例如:
例29:He declared that he would permit me to do so.
allow 和 permit 的含义虽然有所差别,但实际运用中两者常通用。
let:允许,让。其后的宾语补足语应是不带to的不定式。一般不用于被动语态。例如:
例30:Don’t let this happen again.
例31:This is not allowed to happen again. (不说:This is not let to happen again.)
promise:答应,允诺。用于主动答应自己要做什么的场合。例如:
例32:They promised an immediate reply.
例33:He promised to start at once.
例34:I promised him to see to the matter right away.  
(我答应他马上处理这件事。不定式to see to 是主语I发出的。)
6announce / declare
announce:宣布,宣告。常指首次公开或正式宣布人们关心的某件事情。例如:
例35:The government announced that the danger was past.
例36:It was announced that the national science conference would soon be held in Beijing.
另外,要表达“向某人宣布某事”,应用announce to sb sth。后接to sb的动词还有say,explain等。例如:
例37:He announced to us the news and then said to us, “Now let me explain to you in details.”
(他向我们宣布了这个消息,然后对我们说:“现在让我详细给你们解释吧。”)
declare:宣布,声明。指以正式的话语公开宣布某件事。例如:
例38:The chairman declared the exhibition open. (主席宣布展览会开幕。)
7answer / reply
answer:回答,回应。例如:
例39:“Tom!” No one answered.
例40:Please answer the door-bell. (请去开门。)
例41:He answered that he knew nothing about it.
例42:No one was able to answer him a word.
reply:回答,答复。作不及物动词时,后需接to再接宾语;作及物动词时,后直接接that从句或what从句,或用于倒装句。例如:
例43:He replied to me, “I need the answer to the exercise.”
例44:He replied that he would not go.
例45:Not a word did she reply.(她一句话也不应。)
answer当名词用时,与reply一样,要接to。例如:
例46:He made no answer / reply to his questions.
8appear / look / seem 
appear:显得,好像。有时含有表面上显得,而事实未必的意味。例如:
例47:This kind of apples appears good, but in fact it tastes sour.
(这种苹果看起来好,实际吃起来酸。)
seem:好像。暗示判断有一定根据,往往接近事实。例如:
例48:You seem to have made the same mistake again this time.
(你这次似乎又犯了同样的错误。)
例49:It seems that it is going to rain soon.
look:好像。表示凭感觉作出的判断。例如: 
例50:What’s wrong with you? You look pale.
例51:It looks like rain. (看来要下雨了。)
9argue / quarrel
argue:辩论,争论。指提出理由或论据以支持或反驳某种意见或主张,着重说理。如:
例52:What are you arguing about?
例53:I argued with him the whole day.
quarrel:争论,争吵,吵架。例如:
例54:It’s unwise to quarrel with your boss about that. (为那件事同你老板争吵是不明智的。)
 
10arrive / reach / get
arrive,reach和get都有“到达”的意思。arrive通常与介词at或in连用,它和reach是比较正式的用语;reach是及物动词;get通常与介词to连用,在六合彩白小姐中常用。arrive和get后接副词(如here, there, home等)时,不用介词。reach和arrive at还有“达成(协议),作出(决定)”的意思。例如:
例55:When we arrived at the station, the train had left.
例56:At five, they arrived in Beijing.
例57:The letter didn’t reach me until yesterday.
例58:At what time did you get to the post office?
例59:The two sides failed to reach / arrive at an agreement after several hours’ discussion.
(几个小时的讨论后,双方还是没能达成一致意见。)
TAG标签英语 动词 考试 中学 辨析 必备 重点
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