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韩国人口或2020年开始下降,美国雅虎网友吐槽

 South Korea's Population Disaster Is Coming

韩国的人口灾难即将来临

Key point: This is Korea's greatest challenge yet.

关键点:这是迄今为止韩国面临的最大挑战。

The challenge facing Korean policymakers was highlighted by a recent government report, which showed that its falling fertility rate could see its population start declining as early as 2020.

韩国政府最近发布的一份报告突显了政策制定者面临的挑战。报告显示,韩国不断下降的生育率可能导致该国人口最早在2020年开始下降。

Previous estimates in 2016 suggested the population would peak in 2023 under only the most pessimistic scenario.

2016年之前的估计表明,只有在最悲观的情况下,人口才会在2023年达到峰值。

Released in March this year, the report by Statistics Korea predicted South Korea’s population could peak at around fifty-one million this year, before dropping to the 1972 level of around thirty-four million by 2067 under the most pessimistic scenario.

韩国统计局今年3月发布的这份报告预测,韩国人口今年可能会达到5100万左右的峰值,在最悲观的情况下,到2067年,韩国人口将降至3400万左右,相当于1972年的人口数量

Seniors aged sixty-five and older would account for nearly half the population by 2065 under even the medium-growth scenario, making it the grayest developed nation in the world and potentially threatening its military capabilities.

到2065年,65岁及以上的老年人也将占总人口的近一半,使其成为世界上老龄人口比例最高的发达国家

South Korean women are clearly having fewer children, according to the latest figures, with a fertility rate—the average number of children born per woman—dropping to a record low of 0.98 in 2018. This was lower than Japan’s 1.43 and well below the estimated “replacement-level fertility” rate of around 2.1 for most nations.

最新数据显示,韩国女性生育的孩子明显减少,2018年韩国生育率(每位女性平均生育的孩子数量)降至0.98的历史低点。这一数字低于日本的1.43,也远低于大多数国家2.1左右的“更替水平生育率”。

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美国雅虎读者的评论:

译文来源:三泰虎 https://www.santaihu.com/48488.html  译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://news.yahoo.com

Scott13 hours ago

Once again, the Media is confusing economic growth with high living standards. With the overcrowding and high rents in cities across East Asia, fewer children is merely a sign of young people living within their means. South Korea and Japan are not places where anybody with a middle class job can go out to the suburbs and build a house.

媒体再一次将经济增长与高生活水平混为一谈。随着东亚城市人口越来越拥挤、房租越来越高,减少生育只是年轻人量入为出的一个迹象。

 

C K14 hours ago•Last reply 3 hours ago

The higher in IQ a nation gets, the lower in fertility rate.

一个国家的智商水平越高,生育率就越低。

 

Rich14 hours ago•Last reply 13 minutes ago

Stopping population growth is the only chance humanity has to survive long term. The scarcity of room to continue growth will result in disaster in the future if population growth continues at its present rate. Good for Korea, good for all if the rest of the world follows their example.

阻止人口增长是人类长期生存的唯一途径。如果人口继续以目前的速度增长下去,以后必然是一场灾难。人口减少对韩国有好处,如果其他国家也效仿韩国,对所有人都有好处。

 

Jeff13 hours ago

There is absolutely no question that there are too many people on the planet. Our population growth WILL stop. We can choose to do so ourselves or nature will take care of that for us. Natures methods are not very friendly.

毫无疑问,地球上的人太多了。人口增长将会停止,要么我们自己不让人口继续增长下去,要么大自然会替我们减少人口,不过方式可不会很友好哦。

 

lawn14 hours ago

The East Asian countries can met the challenges that a declining population brings through innovation, not immigration.

东亚国家可以通过创新,来应对人口减少带来的挑战,而不是靠移民来解决

 

Truth14 hours ago•Last reply 3 hours ago

This is not bad news. This is "acceptable news." The levelling off of population demographics means that there will be more for everyone in the future with the growth of technology.

不算坏消息啦,还算是“可以接受的”。人口数量趋于平稳意味着随着科技的发展,未来每个人都将拥有更多的资源

 

Jenny14 hours ago

Almost 8 billion people on the planet. I'm not exactly stressed that the human population will die out anytime soon because they aren't having enough kids. Populations might drop in some countries, so demographics might change in those places. Not that big a deal.

地球上大约有80亿人。人类没那么快灭绝的,一些国家的人口可能会下降。没什么大不了的。

 

Mark14 hours ago

I don't understand how population reduction is considered a bad thing. It is happening in most educated/civilized countries. Reduction of the population (by choice) is the answer to most of our problems. If people would have only 1 child for a few generations, the world would be a better place by far.

我不理解,为什么人口减少被认为是一件坏事。人口下降一般出现在受教育程度高、文明程度高的国家。减少人口是解决我们大多数问题的方案。如果几代人都只生一个孩子,世界将会变得更加美好。

 

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