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美版知乎:中国越来越强大,原因何在

China is becoming a powerful country, why?

中国越来越强大,原因何在?

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 以下是Quora读者的评论:

Nikolai Orlov, Lifelong Nomad

China traditionally was one of the world’s great empires.

Then it had a bad few hundred years, to the point that Europeans and Americans (and Japanese, making their first appearance as honorary westerners) would send their troops in to walk around China without a second thought.

China transformed from a total shit country in the mid-1970s, to what it is now, with many European or American cities looking rather shabby compared to Shanghai.

China has the largest population in the world - that gives it potential. It is mostly unified.

中国历史上就曾是世界上最伟大的帝国之一

只是在近代几百年里,有过一段困难,欧洲人和美国人(还有日本人,他们第一次以荣誉西方人的身份出现在中国)肆无忌惮地往中国派遣军队。

中国从上世纪70年代中期一个彻头彻尾的穷国,发展成如今的样子,许多欧洲或美国城市与上海相比,都显得相当破旧。

中国拥有全世界最多的人口,这赋予了它十足的潜力。它基本上是统一的。

 

Viswanath Ajikumar, studied at Saraswati Vidya Mandir Schools

China is an ageless empire, a timeless civilization. And since the dawn of humanity, China has been a powerful influence in the world. There have been major players and minor players in the geopolitical arena ever since men figured out how to band together and kill others, and almost from the same time, China has been in the former camp more often than not.

For these ancient cultures, being the centre of the world is….natural.

But why China is becoming powerful? Well…..because they always were. They just had to take their time reminding those who had forgotten.

中国是一个永恒的帝国,一个永恒的文明。从人类诞生之日起,中国就在世界上产生着巨大的影响。自从人类互相厮杀以来,在地缘政治舞台上就有了大玩家和小玩家,几乎从同一时间起,中国就经常处于前一阵营。

对于这些古老的文化来说,成为世界中心是很自然的事。

为什么中国变得强大了呢?呃.....那是因为他们一直都很强大。他们只是需要花时间提醒那些遗忘了这一点的人。

 

Lucas Brock

Originally Answered: Why do China have so much power?

Because it has a population of nearly 1.4 billion and has a government that isn’t quite so corrupt as India, leading to a more productive country. Also, it was never conquered by colonial powers (utterly defeated, but not conquered) so it doesn’t suffer the developmental hiccups characteristic of other colonized countries like India and most of Africa that gained their independence late and with little to no infrastructure.

Also, since it is a developing country, it started out with very cheap labor costs , leading to a surge in production and economic power, but this is changing as China gets more developed and moves from a rural to urban based population that demands higher wages to live in more and more expensive cities. Eventually it will develop from a manufacture-based to service-based economy as it’s labor costs get higher and automation makes manufacturing easier to do domestically without outsourcing labor to foreign countries with cheaper labor.

Also, it is only a regional power for now, which is the minimum expected of a country with a population of 1.379 billion people, so it shouldn’t come to a surprise to anyone. It’s hard not to be powerful with so many people under your control, having such a large population virtually guarantees a large economy and regional sway, even if a large chunk of your population deals with third-world living conditions.

最初的问题是:为什么中国有这么大的力量?

因为它有近14亿人口,而且政府不像印度那么腐败,因此更有生产力。而且,它从未被殖民列强征服过(被彻底打败过,但没有被征服),所以它不会像印度和大多数非洲殖民国家那样出现发展停滞的现象,这些国家很晚才获得独立,而且几乎没有基础设施。

还因为它是一个发展中国家,起初拥有非常廉价的劳动力成本。这导致了生产和经济实力的大增,不过这也在变化,中国变得越来越发达,从农村转移到城市的人口希望获得更高的工资生活。随着劳动力成本的提高和自动化进程,制造业在国内更容易进行,无需将劳动力外包给劳动力成本更低的国家,中国最终将从以制造业为基础的经济转向以服务业为基础的经济。

此外,它目前只是一个地区大国,对于一个拥有13.79亿人口的国家来说,这是最低的期望,所以无需感到惊讶。拥有如此之多的人口,很难不强大,人口规模必然带来强大的经济和地区的影响力,即使人口中的一大部分依然过着第三世界的生活条件。

 

Jack Fensterstock, China Advisor and Consultant (1978-present)

Originally Answered: Why is China becoming more and more powerful?

Over the past 40 years China has been able to lift 800 million people out of poverty and raise its average annual GDP per capita from $158 to about $8,000. It has done this through a focused strategy which called for the modernization of agriculture, industry, science & technology, and defense.

By 2049, the 100 year anniversary of the founding of the PRC, China’s goal is to be a fully developed, rich, and powerful country with a clean and healthy environment.

The Chinese leaders are unrelenting in their quest to restore China to the leadership position it once enjoyed. It will be done through a combination of increasing the well being of its people through social and environmental progress; science, technology and education; multilateralism; and increasing its defense capabilities.

So bottom line, their ability to stay focused, make steady incremental progress, and somehow develop the human capital essential to manage their push for overall reform and opening-up is the reason “Why China is becoming more and more powerful”.

最初的问题是:为什么中国变得越来越强大?

40年来,中国有8亿人口摆脱贫困,人均国内生产总值从158美元提高到8000美元左右。中国通过一项农业、工业、科学技术和国防现代化的重点战略实现了这一目标。

到2049年中华人民共和国成立100周年时,中国的目标是成为一个全面发展、富裕、强大、环境清洁健康的国家。

中国正在不懈地努力恢复中国曾经享有的领导地位。将通过优德88手机中文版客服、环境的进步与其人民福祉;科学、技术和教育;多边主义;防御能力的增强的结合来实现。

因此,归根结底,中国之所以变得越来越强大,是因为他们有能力保持专注,稳步渐进地取得进步,并在一定程度上开发了人力资本,而人力资本是他们推动全面改革开放所必需的条件。

 

Chen Yan Kun

From 1840 to 1945, the Chinese invaded by many countries, China was weak and poor, premier zhou said Weak country undiplomatic, China must become strong up to avoid being bullied, suffered so much war, the idea of developing countries deeply implanted in the heart of every Chinese,Chinese people are very diligent,Everyone tries his best to contribute to the country,Let China stand tall in the world,China is afraid of falling behind other countries.

从1840年到1945年,中国被很多国家侵略过,当时的中国十分软弱贫穷。弱国无外交,中国必须强大起来,才能摆脱被欺负的命运。中国遭遇过太多战争,发展中国家的观念深深植入在每个中国人的心中,中国人非常勤奋,每个人都尽力做出贡献,让中国在世界舞台上昂首挺立,中国害怕落后于其他国家。

 

Jacob Tsutsumi, Japanese-American, knowledgeable in history and linguistics.

China is so powerful due to its strongly-ranked military and newly industrialized economy. Because of the large population and the amount of workers, the economy is growing rapidly.

China was also a powerhouse in the past. Napoleon even said “China is a sleeping giant. Let her sleep, for when she wakes she will move the world.” which was actually true. However, it wasn’t a strong country at times. The British invaded China, so did the Mongols.

中国之所以强大,靠的是军事实力和新兴工业化经济。由于人口众多,工人众多,经济正在迅速增长。

中国历史上也曾是强国。拿破仑甚至说:“中国是一个沉睡的巨人。让她睡吧,因为当她醒来时,她将改变世界。”这是真话。但历史上也有过某些时候,中国不是强国。英国人入侵过中国,蒙古也入侵过中国。

 

Harris Lynn, study Chinese culture, history, and people on my spare time

To be fair, China has always been powerful from a historical standpoint. It was just during the last three centuries really that it was in a weakened state, mostly because of internal turmoil. However, even at its weakest, China was able to stand its ground against the likes of European and American imperialism. That’s how it remained one of only 10 countries in the world that was never fully colonized by western powers: 10 Countries Who Were Never Colonized by Europeans.

However, unlike previous superpowers, China isn’t gobbling up overseas territories . That’s the key difference here.

译文来源:三泰虎  https://www.santaihu.com/48593.html 译者:Joyceliu

公平地说,从历史的角度来看,中国一直很强大。只是在过去的三个世纪里,它才变弱。但即使在最弱的时候,中国也能够坚持自己的立场,反对欧美帝国主义。这就是为什么她是世界上仅有的10个从未被西方列强完全殖民过的国家之一。

然而,与以往的超级大国不同,中国并没有吞并海外领土。这就是关键的区别。

 

Saleh Talim

These reasons:

  1. All education and work in Mandarin, language, the most spoken variety of Chinese. This ensures that students don't have to waste their time in rote-learning and memorising an alien language to prove their skills in thier own country.
  2. Patriotic nature of Chinese people. This is another important trait which Chinese people share with other better developed parts of the world.
  3. China has huge landmass (3rd largest in the world) and also plenty of other resources which are utilised in proper manner to ensure that major part of population benefits from it.

因为以下这些原因:

  1. 所有教学和工作都使用普通话,普通话是最常用的汉语。这确保了学生们不必浪费时间死记硬背一门外语来证明他们在自己国家的技能。

2.中国人民的爱国主义精神。这是中国人民与世界上其他发达国家人民另一个共同的重要特征。

3 中国幅员辽阔(世界第三),还有大量其他资源得到合理利用,使大部分人口可以从中受益。

 

Vinny Sonnasing

It has 2nd largest economy but on per capita basis its not even a middle income nation even as it is past its peak labour participation rates.

Yes. Powerful

中国是全球第二大经济体,但就人均而言,尽管它的劳动参与率已超过峰值,甚至比不上中等收入国家。

是的。很强大。

 

Will Thomas, Instructor in Economics (2018-present)

China is becoming powerful because its economy has been growing very fast for a generation now and China is or will soon be the country with the largest GDP in the world. That puts a lot of resources in the hands of the Chinese government.

中国正在变得越来越强大,因为它的经济已经快速增长了一代人的时间,中国现在已经或将很快成为世界上GDP最高的国家。这让中国掌握了大量资源。

 

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